REUNITED : YWO returns to the stage

Saturday 23 April 2022    |    St. Edmund's Church Roundhay    |    LEEDS



First half: 

Bernstein:  Overture to Candide
Holst:  First Suite in E flat
Horovitz:  Fete Galante
Ticheli:   Shenandoah
Anderson:  Reunited

Leonard Bernstein:  Overture to Candide

ARRanged by Walter Beeler

Leonard Bernstein's Broadway show Candide is based on Voltaire's popular novel of 1759 which satirises the optimistic creed of the German philosopher of the Enlightenment, Leibnitz: "All is for the best in this best of all possible worlds". 

Dr. Pangloss, tutor to the hero, Candide, is the very embodiment of this theory, maintaining it against all odds, despite the most blatant evidence to the contrary. Misadventures begin when Candide is ejected from the castle of Thunder-ten-tronckh for making love to the baron's daughter Cunégonde, and they continue as he travels far and wide to such diverse places as Lisbon, Venice, Turkey and Portsmouth. Having searched in the most unlikely places for Cunégonde, Candide eventually finds her, now very ugly, and marries her against his will. Pangloss still insists that the disasters, all of which, such as the Lisbon earthquake, have historical precedents, are for the best. They finally settle down on a little farm and conclude that work is the antidote to man's unhappy lot.

First produced on Broadway on 1 December 1956, with the book of the show by Lilian Hellman, known especially for her novel The Little Foxes, it was described as an operetta, rather than a musical. In this costume pastiche, so different from the usual Broadway hit, Bernstein broke most of the rules he had made for himself, for this was not the peculiarly American art form that he judged a musical show should be. In the event Candide failed to provide the usual success for Bernstein, either on Broadway or in the West End, but the Overture has maintained its popularity with orchestras and is often to be heard opening serious concert programmes. It has the sparkle and vivacity of opéra-buffa beginning with an exuberant, boisterous opening for full orchestra. This witty, high-spirited piece of pastiche classicism has something in common with Prokofiev's Classical Symphony as it moves quickly through some of the tunes from the show and the features of a traditional overture. There are hints of composers of the past and Bernstein even supplies his own version of a 'Rossini crescendo'. By the 1980s the Overture to Candide had become distinguished as the single most played orchestral piece by a living composer.


Gustav Holst:  First Suite in E flat

•Bourrée des Masques

Holst wrote three works for military band: a Suite in F, a prelude and scherzo called Hammersmith and this Suite No. 1 in E flat, which was an entry for a competition sponsored by the Worshipful Company of Musicians in 1909. Holst was not the winner, but the work has become one of the most well-known pieces in the band repertoire.

Composed in 1909, Holst wrote on the title page of the score: ‘As each movement is founded on the same phrase, it is requested that the Suite shall be played right through without a break.’ Holst’s experience playing the trombone shines through in this Suite, which is skilfully written for military band. Imogen Holst says that: ‘The First Suite in E flat was an experiment in form, each movement being founded on a fragment of the opening Chaconne… When he opens out into an inevitable meno mosso, it is with the assurance of an experienced bandsman who knows exactly what the other players are going to enjoy’.

Joseph Horovitz:  Fete Galante

•Bourrée des Masques

Fête Galante was the term used to describe the most popular paintings of Watteau, the French artist of the early eighteenth century. In his idealised landscapes, figures in fancy dress embark on a voyage to an enchanted island; lovers pass each other in courtly dances and meet again in moonlit masquerades. It is a dream world, but one suffused with true emotion, a Romantic yearning for an unattainable Arcadia.

This work, in three movements, was inspired by Watteau's pastoral fantasy and is based on dance forms. Pavane has one main extended melody, which recurs several times with increasing elaboration. In contrast, Menuet is a very short linking section played by the principal soloists, resulting in a chamber music texture. The final Bourée des Masques is a fast march-rondo featuring fanfare motifs, punctuated by syncopated percussion accents.


Frank Ticheli:   Shenandoah

Based on an American folk melody, this setting of Shenandoah was inspired by the freedom and beauty of the folk melody and by the natural images evoked by the words, especially the image of a river and, in particular, with its life-affirming energy, its timelessness. Sometimes the accompaniment flows quietly under the melody; other times it breathes alongside it. The work's mood ranges from quiet reflection, through growing optimism, to profound exaltation.

The Shenandoah Valley and the Shenandoah River are located in Virginia. There is disagreement among historians concerning the origin of their names. Some claim the river and valley were named in the 1750s by the Cherokee as a friendly tribute to a visiting Iroquois Chief named Skenandoa. Others suggest that the region was named not by the Cherokee, but by the Senedo Indians of Virginia Valley. In the Senedo tradition, Shenandoah means "Daughter of the Moon."

The origins of the folksong are equally obscure, but all date to the 19th century. It has been attributed variously to a coal miner in Pennsylvania, to a young protege of Stephen Foster, and to a housewife in Lexington, Kentucky. Many variants on the melody and text have been handed down through the years, the most popular telling the story of an early settlers love for a Native American woman.

Keiron Anderson:  Reunited

Reunited was written to anticipate and then celebrate players returning to live rehearsal and performance after the substantial break caused by the Covid-19 pandemic restrictions and is dedicated to the Leeds-based Phoenix Concert Band.

The music is lively and positive, full of colourful cross rhythms and varied scoring. Multiple counter melodies suggest encounters with friends and colleagues and a poignant central section reflects on how people have missed group interaction and support.




Second half: 

Arnold:  Tam O'Shanter
Grainger:  Lincolnshire Posy
Anderson:  The True Heroes
Marquez:  Danzon no. 2

Malcolm Arnold:  Tam O'Shanter

Arranged by John P. Paynter

Malcolm Arnold studied trumpet and composition at the Royal College of Music, a scholarship allowing him to pursue composing full-time from 1948.  His output includes nine symphonies, concertos, music for children and amateurs and film music, as well as popular (and populist) pieces like the overture, Tam O'Shanter, which was composed in 1955 and first performed later that year at the Proms with Arnold conducting the RPO.

This overture is a piece of programme music telling the story of a poem by Robert Burns (from 1790. Tam is a farmer who gets drunk with his friends in a pub at the end of his working week, and then has to ride home on his horse Meg through a storm. On the way he sees the local haunted church lit up, with witches and warlocks dancing and the devil playing the bagpipes. He creeps into the churchyard to watch and on seeing a pretty witch in a short dress he shouts out "Weel done, cutty-sark!" ("short shirt") called out in this arrangement on the trombone. Seeing him, the witches chase him to the River Doon. They cannot cross the water but come so close to catching Tam and Meg that one pulls poor Meg's tail off as they escape.

Arnold conveys the story with superb imagination, and brilliant orchestration. The overture begins with a long high note in the woodwind and a piccolo solo, followed by a 'drunken' duet theme on bassoons. Drum rolls and cymbals denote the stormy weather outside. You will notice loud brass notes piling up on top of each other in a scale, and later a new folk tune on the piccolo. There is a horse whip and jabbing discords; the trombones play one tune in a different key from the rest of the orchestra which is playing other themes. Listen for trills and slides, another high pedal note and big brass discords. 

The Big Tune is a clever bagpipe impersonation, over a drone bass in fifths with 'whoops' in the brass and piccolo. Eventually it all dies away to a wispy high trill followed by a 'hymnal' in the flutes and clarinets, like a church prayer (is he thanking God for his lucky escape?) and a finishing flurry.

Percy Grainger:  Lincolnshire Posy

•Dublin Bay 
•Harkstow Grange 
•Rufford Park Poachers 
•The Brisk Young Sailor 

•Lord Melbourne 
•The Lost Lady Found 

Although Percy Aldridge Grainger was born an Australian, he spent the majority of his professional life in England and America. He showed tremendous promise at the keyboard and began a professional career as a concert pianist in England in 1901. During this time, Grainger also composed feverishly and began to take particular interest in the native folk-songs of his new homeland.

In 1905, he set about in Brigg, Lincolnshire, on the first of what would become countless trips to the English countryside to collect and document the tunes often sung by the native residents. He delighted in the nuances and “imperfections” rendered by each singer and arranged dozens of these tunes for various ensembles and otherwise included them in his original compositions.

After the outbreak of the First World War, Grainger moved to New York in 1914 and called America his home for the remainder of his life. In 1917, he decided to join the U.S. Army in support of the war effort. He served with the Coast Artillery Band until 1919, playing both oboe and saxophone (which he had taught himself to play, among many other instruments). This was Grainger’s first true experience with a concert band, and he was immediately taken with the unique sound and capabilities of the ensemble. When he died in White Plains, New York, in 1961, he left behind a collection of works that has become the cornerstone of the concert band’s repertoire.

As a composer, Grainger was ahead of his time — he used mixed meters and irregular rhythms before Stravinsky did, and was a pioneer in the collection of folk music. He is also known for shunning the use of Italian terms in music scores, preferring the use of phrases such as “slow up” and “louden lots.” Lincolnshire Posy is Grainger’s seminal work for wind band. The song transcriptions often include faithfully represented interruptions to the song recordings, or disputes over how the melody should be represented. The Posy comprises Dublin Bay, a sailor's song, followed by Harkstow Grange, subtitled “The Miser and his Man: a local Tragedy” and Rufford Park Poachers, a poaching song. The Brisk Young Sailor “who returned to wed his true-love” precedes Lord Melbourne, a song about the Duke of Marlborough and a genuine war-song – a rare thing in English folksong. In stark contrast, the suite is completed with The Lost Lady Found, a real dance-song from the days when voices rather than instruments accompanied village dancers.


Kerion Anderson:  The True Heroes

The True Heroes is another of Keiron’s compositions produced during the Covid-19 restrictions. The work was written in recognition of, and with gratitude for, the tireless efforts of those working within the NHS at one of the most difficult times this vital institution has faced.

The piece has unsettling rhythmic motifs and harmonies giving an agitated feeling to the work. Brass fanfares symbolise the heroics involved in what has now become daily life. Scurrying notes throughout the orchestra reflect the relentless pace of working on the health service’s front line exacerbated by incessant Covid outbreaks. There is a brief moment of respite, an attempt to find a moment of stillness represented by low flutes and a melancholic melody, but this remains haunted by the unsettling rhythmic motifs and harmonies, and is short-lived as the unremitting activity starts up again all too soon. This premiere performance is dedicated to all those who gave so much during the pandemic – the True Heroes caring for us all.


Arturo Marquez:  Danzon no. 2

Transcribed by oliver nickel

Arturo Márquez was born in Álamos, Sonora, where his interest in music began. He started composing at the age of 16 and then attended the Mexican Music Conservatory. Márquez was awarded a scholarship by the French government to study composition with Jacques Casterede. He obtained a degree in composition in 1990 from California Institute of the Arts, where he studied with Morton Subotnick and Mel Powell, amongst others.

Although Márquez was already an accomplished composer in Mexico in the early 1990s, his music started to reach the international stage with his series of Danzones.

The Danzones are based on the music of Cuba primarily, but the Cuban folkloristic elements are also a very important part of the folklore of the Veracruz region of Mexico. Danzon No. 2 was first performed in 1994 in Mexico City. It has become one of the most popular and frequently performed of Mexican contemporary classical music for orchestra.



Keiron was born in Aberdeen and studied trumpet and keyboard at the Royal Northern College of Music in Manchester where he started both a light orchestra and big band. His career has multiple strands: musical director, composer, performer, teacher.

Keiron currently directs Yorkshire Wind Orchestra (1994 – ) which he has brought to its present level of excellence, Nottingham Symphonic Winds (2006 – ) with whom he has produced many excellent concerts and recordings, and Phoenix Concert Band (2003 – ) which he has developed into a high-quality community wind band. He has worked with many other groups including Harlequin Brass, Leeds Conservatoire Wind Orchestra, Nottingham Symphony Orchestra, the National Saxophone Choir of Great Britain and numerous chamber ensembles throughout the UK and Europe as part of a diverse and rich schedule of conducting. Keiron approaches each group differently according to its particular character, capabilities, ambition and rehearsal schedule!

Keiron is a prolific composer producing unique and exciting new music across an eclectic mix of styles. Some of these works are written specifically for the groups he directs or as commissions for other ensembles. Others are intended to be enjoyed on Soundcloud.

Keiron has worked extensively as a freelance performer from performing in a chamber orchestra in Bridlington sightreading 12 concerts a week, to work with the Scottish Ballet Orchestra, London Festival Ballet, Welsh Opera, Scottish National Orchestra and the BBC Northern Radio Orchestra. Keiron also established the Keiron Anderson Orchestra and completed several years working on cruise ships followed by a period in Spain before returning to the UK and performing all over the country with artists such as Cannon and Ball, Ronnie Corbett, Bob Monkhouse, Little and Large, Frankie Vaughan and many more.

Keiron’s teaching experience includes 10 years as a peripatetic teacher of brass and composition, three years as Head of the Ilkley Music Centre and 18 years as Head of Music, then Head of Creative Arts at Ilkley Grammar School.



The Yorkshire Wind Orchestra is an amateur group of around 40 musicians from across Yorkshire who enjoy playing a wide range of music written or arranged for woodwind, brass and percussion (and double bass!). Members of the orchestra take pride in performing to a high standard and in coming together to communicate our music to an audience.

Our repertoire includes works written specifically for wind orchestra by composers such as Malcolm Arnold, Martin Ellerby, Adam Gorb, Percy Grainger, Nigel Hess, Gustav Holst, Joseph Horovitz, Frank Ticheli, Eric Whitacre and Guy Woolfenden as well as by Musical Director, Keiron Anderson. We also play music arranged for wind orchestra. Recent concerts have included programmes of film music, well-known light classical music and staples of the Last Night of the Proms.

The orchestra is a registered charity and, as well as promoting the work of modern composers, is committed to developing young wind and percussion players in the Yorkshire region.




Molly Austen
Lindsay Blank
Marc Dunleavy
Emma Fox
Paul Hannon
Pippa Lodge
Lucy Nelson
Louise Nash
Becci Richardson
Esther Woods


Emma Cordell
Helen Gibson
Alison Nairn
Alicia Oakes
Honor Tierney


Freya Bailes
Emma Calvert
Sally Johnson


Amy Walton Spencer
Alison Elcock


Andy Ainge
Abbie Lingard
Alison Owen-Morley
Claire Stewart


Mike Williamson
Paul Kampen
Yuna Murayama
Ruth Rayner


Andrew Forster-Fake
Sammy Pearson
Anuszka Wrigley


Lee Muncaster
Mason Hirst
Tony Wood


David Cockburn
Jenny Allen


Simon Stewart


Anna Beith
Katie Lamb
Alex Mitchell


Emma Fox